It is the deadliest U.S. bombing in 75 years. Born to a father who was a career criminal, Reid converted to Islam as a young man in prison after years as a petty criminal. [33] However, even if the X-ray scanners cannot detect all explosives, it is an effective way to see if the shoe has been altered to hold a bomb. [15] Officials at the time indicated that Reid's shoes contained 10 ounces (283 g) of explosive material characteristic of C-4, enough to blow a hole in the fuselage and cause the plane to crash.[15][19]. His boarding was delayed because his dishevelled physical appearance aroused the suspicions of the airline passenger screeners. Reid reportedly demonstrated a lack of remorse and a combative nature during the hearing, and said that "the flag will come down on the day of judgment". Reid was born in Bromley, London,[2] to Lesley Hughes, who was of native English descent, and Colvin Robin Reid, a man of mixed race whose father was a Jamaican immigrant. The rubble of the World Trade Center smolders after the Sept. 11 attack. McVeigh is executed in 2001 and Nichols is sentenced to life in prison. [29] He had received the bomb-making materials from an Arab in Afghanistan. [3][10] By 1998 Reid was voicing extremist views. Credit: AP Photo/Canadian Press via Le Journal de Montreal, Credit: John Tlumacki,AP Photo/The Boston Globe, Credit: Kenshin Okubo/The Daily Free Press/AP. [26] When Reid said he was a soldier of God under the command of Osama bin Laden, Judge Young responded:[27][24]. A car bomb parked outside the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City kills 168 people and injures more than 500. [7][20][21] The prosecutor obtained a grand jury indictment and on 16 January 2002, Reid was charged with nine criminal counts related to terrorism, namely: The ninth charge, attempted wrecking of a mass transportation vehicle, was dismissed on 11 June 2002, because the Congressional definition of 'vehicle' did not include aircraft. One flight attendant, Hermis Moutardier, thinking she smelled a burnt match, walked along the aisles of the plane, trying to assess the source. Badat was sentenced to 13 years in prison by a British judge and has since been released. On December 22, 2001, Richard Colvin Reid, age 28, of London, England, attempted to destroy an airliner in flight on its way to Miami, Florida by the use of explosives hidden in his shoe. Later he became radicalized and went to Pakistan and Afghanistan, where he trained and became a member of al-Qaeda. Two days later, he was charged before a federal court in Boston with "interfering with the performance of duties of flight crew members by assault or intimidation", a crime which carries a penalty of up to 20 years in prison and a $250,000 fine. [31] In 2006, the TSA started requiring all passengers to remove their shoes for screening. Nearly 3,000 people are killed in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania. Attempted wrecking of a mass transportation vehicle. [32] Scanners do not find PETN in shoes or strapped to a person. Additional charges were added when he was formally indicted by a grand jury. Cynthia Salter, who lost her sister, Catherine, in the South Tower on 9/11 pauses in front of the Wall of Names at the Flight 93 National Memorial, Sept. 11, 2012, in Shanksville, Pa. [30], As a result of these events, some airlines encouraged passengers departing from an airport in the United States to pass through airport security in socks or bare feet while their shoes are scanned for bombs. [9], The next time Reid was imprisoned, in 1992 for three years, for various street robberies, he converted to Islam. The 2001 shoe bomb plot was a failed bombing attempt that occurred on December 22, 2001, on American Airlines Flight 63. The detonator cord in Badat's bomb was found by experts to be an exact match for the cord on Reid's bomb,[30] and their explosive chemicals were essentially identical. Al Qaeda-trained terrorist Ahmed Ressam is captured attempting to smuggle explosives across the Canadian border in a rental car, and later convicted in a "Millennium plot" to bomb Los Angeles International Airport on New Year's Day 2000. The judge ordered Reid held in jail without bail, pending trial due to the gravity of the crimes and the perceived high risk that he would try to flee. He . [24][25], During the sentencing hearing, Reid said he was an enemy of the United States and in league with al-Qaeda. The 2001 shoe bomb plot was a failed bombing attempt that occurred on December 22, 2001, on American Airlines Flight 63. On 22 December 2001, Reid boarded American Airlines Flight 63 between Paris and Miami, wearing shoes packed with explosives, which he unsuccessfully tried to detonate. The World Trade Center smolders after the Sept. 11 attack palm prints and hair on the.... The flight was immediately arrested at Logan International Airport in Boston,,. 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