[42], Mating between hyenas involves a number of short copulations with brief intervals, unlike canids, who generally engage in a single, drawn out copulation. The striped hyena is generally considered solitary, but has some social organization. Die Strandjutwolf (The brown hyena) is an allegorical poem by the renowned South African poet, N. P. van Wyk Louw, which evokes a sinister and ominous presence. With only four extant species (in three genera), it is the fifth-smallest biological family in the Carnivora, and one of the smallest in the class Mammalia. Gepootte hyena Crocuta crocuta, ook gekend als de lachende hyena, is een soort hyena die momenteel wordt geklasseerd als het enige lid van het genus Crocuta, inheems tot Sub-Sahara Afrika This pattern continued until 1961, when eight people were killed. Its success is partly attributed to its insectivorous diet, for which it faced no competition from canids crossing from North America. Common names. [54] Arab writer al-Qazwīnī (1204–1283) spoke of a tribe of people called al-Ḍabyūn meaning "hyena people". Cases of children being taken by hyenas by night are known in southeast Turkmenia's Bathyz Nature Reserve. Hyenas have relatively short torsos and are fairly massive and wolf-like in build, but have lower hind quarters, high withers and their backs slope noticeably downward towards their rumps. 94114). Below you will find some interesting facts about hyenas: 1. [64] Hyenas habituated to scavenging on human corpses may develop bold behaviours towards living people: hyena attacks on people in southern Sudan increased during the Second Sudanese Civil War, when human corpses were readily available to them. Hyenas may have occasionally stolen human kills, or entered campsites to drag off the young and weak, much like modern spotted hyenas in Africa. [27] Males in most hyena species are larger than females,[28] though the spotted hyena is exceptional, as it is the female of the species that outweighs and dominates the male. There are between 27,000 and 47,000 individuals, though their population is getting smaller in the wild. Spotted hyenas vary in their folkloric and mythological depictions, depending on the ethnic group from which the tales originate. Adult males, within hyenas society, are below every other female. Further attacks were reported later in some parts of Transcaucasia, particularly in 1908. The feet vary in colour from light brown to black. The male brown hyena is slightly larger than the female, while the sexes of the striped hyena are equally sized. [66], In the 1880s, a hyena was reported to have attacked humans, especially sleeping children, over a three-year period in the Iğdır Province of Turkey, with 25 children and 3 adults being wounded in one year. Rotation Lyrics: Songtekst van Josylvio – "Rotation" ft. Hef / Beetje brieven en die strepen op mij / Ik move die cocaina packs door je wijk / Voor die money is een jongen op tijd / Die mannen For the larger group of animals that includes the genus " Hyaena ", see Hyena. Spotted hyenas are also known as laughing hyenas due to the pitch and frequency of the sounds they produce which resemble human laughter. Learn the meaning of the girl’s name Hyena on Baby Name Wizard, your trusted source for baby name origins, popularity and more! [54], This article is about the family of animals. Hyenas are a vital but unique component of the African ecosystem. A mythical African tribe called the Bouda is reputed to house members able to transform into hyenas. Most species have a rich mane of long hair running from the withers or from the head. [35] The dental formula for all hyena species is: [22] Hyenas are commonly viewed as frightening and worthy of contempt. Genus Hyaena brown hyena, striped hyena. Though the Authorized King James Version of the Bible interprets the term "`ayit tsavua`" (which appears in Jeremiah 12:9) as "speckled bird", Henry Baker Tristram argued that it was most likely a hyena being mentioned.[59]. [66][68] A 2004 news report stated that 35 people were killed by spotted hyenas in a 12-month period in Mozambique along a 20-km stretch of road near the Tanzanian border. It is identified by a reddish brown coat with black spots all over it – hence the name “spotted hyena”. Their skulls superficially resemble those of large canids, but are much larger and heavier, with shorter facial portions. [30] The strength of their jaws is such that both striped and spotted hyenas have been recorded to kill dogs with a single bite to the neck without breaking the skin. In … Brown and striped hyenas are the other two. Go here to learn what the next female animal on our list is called. The vocalisation of the spotted hyena resembling hysterical human laughter has been alluded to in numerous works of literature: "to laugh like a hyæna" was a common simile, and is featured in The Cobbler's Prophecy (1594), Webster's Duchess of Malfy (1623) and Shakespeares As You Like It, Act IV. Phylogenic relationships based on morphological characteristics, after Werdelin & Solounias (1991) and Turner et al (2008). 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. Although they are nocturnal animals, they are known to hunt in the early morning hours.Hyenas are social animals that live in large groups with a … Hyenas are tireless trotters with excellent sight, hearing, and smell for locating carrion, and they are proficient hunters as well. Spotted hyenas may kill as many as 95% of the animals they eat,[47] while striped hyenas are largely scavengers. 1 decade ago. [7] Spotted hyenas spread from their original homeland during the Middle Pleistocene, and quickly colonised a very wide area from Europe, to southern Africa and China. The list follows McKenna and Bell's Classification of Mammals for prehistoric genera (1997)[12] and Wozencraft (2005) in Wilson and Reeders Mammal Species of the World for extant genera. … The oldest Alaskan human remains coincide with roughly the same time cave hyenas became extinct, leading certain paleontologists to infer that hyena predation was what prevented humans crossing the Bering strait earlier. In some cultures, hyenas are thought to influence people's spirits, rob graves, and steal livestock and children. [54] al-Damīrī in his writings in Ḥawayān al-Kubrā (1406) wrote that striped hyenas were vampiric creatures that attacked people at night and sucked the blood from their necks. In Tanzania, there is a belief that witches use spotted hyenas as mounts. [24] Like canids, hyenas have short, blunt, non-retractable claws. Scientific name: Crocuta crocuta Family: Hyaenidae Classification: Mammal IUCN status: Least Concern Lifespan (in wild): Around 25 years Weight: 50-86kg Body size: Up to 2m Top speed: 65km/h Diet: Carnivore Habitat: Grassland and savanna Range: 1) Of our planet’s three different species of hyena (the spotted, brown and striped hyena), the spotted hyena … [7], By 10–14 million years ago, the hyena family had split into two distinct groups: dog-like hyenas and bone-crushing hyenas. A more recent molecular analysis agrees on the phylogenetic relationship between the four extant hyaenidae species (Koepfli et al, 2006[23]). ORDER: Carnivora. genus Hyaena - type genus of the Hyaenidae. The bone-crushing hyenas survived the changes in climate and the arrival of canids, which wiped out the dog-like hyenas, though they never crossed into North America, as their niche there had already been taken by the dog subfamily Borophaginae. 2008; Koepfli et al. Among the Baluch and in northern India, witches or magicians are said to ride striped hyenas at night. Actually Hyenas are more closely related to cats than dog, genetic wise. Hyena: Description, Species, Size, Habitat and Facts. They are a trio of spotted hyenas who were loyal followers and henchmen of Scar. Hyenas are tireless trotters with excellent sight, hearing, and smell for locating carrion, and they are … Tüpfelhyänen können eine Körperlänge von bis zu bis zu 1,80 Metern erreichen und ausgewachsen ein Gewicht von 40 bis zu 86 Kilogramm auf die Waage bringen. The dog-like hyenas were very numerous; in some Miocene fossil sites, the remains of Ictitherium and other dog-like hyenas outnumber those of all other carnivores combined. Hyenas or hyaenas (from Ancient Greek ὕαινα, hýaina[1]) are feliform carnivoran mammals of the family Hyaenidae /haɪˈɛnɪdiː/. [3], Although phylogenetically closer to felines and viverrids, as part of suborder Feliformia, hyenas are behaviourally and morphologically similar to canids in several elements due to convergent evolution; both hyenas and canines are non-arboreal, cursorial hunters that catch prey with their teeth rather than claws. Hyena fossils have been discovered in Africa, North America, Asia and Europe. 0 0. Sc.1. [32] The spotted hyena is very vocal, producing a number of different sounds consisting of whoops, grunts, groans, lows, giggles, yells, growls, laughs and whines. The bone-cru… Hyenae are known to … Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), also known as the laughing hyena,is a species of hyena, currently classed as the sole member of the genus Crocuta, native to Sub-Saharan Africa. Hyenas have relatively short torsos and are fairly massive and wolf-like in build, but have lower hind quarters, high withers and their backs slope noticeably downward towards their rumps. Bei der Geburt wiegen sie gerade mal ein Kilogramm. Hyenas have long forelegs and a powerful neck and shoulders for dismembering and carrying prey. It is nonetheless still powerfully structured and well adapted to … This was proven to be incorrect, as the correct spelling of the loanword would have been Crocāta, and the word was never used in that sense by Graeco-Roman sources. Hyenas have no baculum. They are found almost everywhere in Sub-Saharan Africa. [2] Despite their low diversity, hyenas are unique and vital components of most African ecosystems. Classification: Order Carnivora (carnivores) > Family Hyaenidae (hyaenas) > Genus Hyaena. Hyenas (or hyaenas) are African and Asian dog-like carnivores in the family Hyaenidae, order Carnivora, which also includes the dogs, cats, seals, and bears.Hyenas are very powerfully built animals with a stout head, a short snout, short ears, and powerful jaws with strong teeth, useful for crushing bones to get at the nutrients contained inside. Ländernamen werden meist ohne Artikel gebraucht: Argentinien liegt in Südamerika. They are often called the laughing hyena. The skull is entirely typical of the genus, having a very high sagittal crest, a shortened facial region and an inflated frontal bone. Although hyenas lack perineal scent glands, they have a large pouch of naked skin located at the anal opening. The forelegs are high, while the hind legs are very short and their necks are thick and short. ... Hyena Nights and Kalahari Days. Clans are dominated by females and can reach up to 70 members. With only four still existing species (in three genera), it is known to be the fifth smallest biological family of the order Carnivora and the smallest in the class Mammalia.Hyenas are vital and unique components of the African ecosystem, despite their low diversity. Spotted hyenas are one of the few mammals other than bats known to survive infection with rabies virus. Striped hyena fossils are common in Africa, with records going back as far as the Villafranchian. The first ancestral hyenas were likely similar to the modern African civet; one of the earliest hyena species described, Plioviverrops, was a lithe, civet-like animal that inhabited Eurasia 20–22 million years ago, and is identifiable as a hyaenid by the structure of the middle ear and dentition. The arrival of the ancestral bone-crushing hyenas coincided with the decline of the similarly built but unrelated Percrocutidae family. The aardwolf can trace its lineage directly back to Plioviverrops 15 million years ago, and is the only survivor of the dog-like hyena lineage. The Spotted Hyena (genus Crocuta) (a.k.a. The striped hyena occurred for some time in Europe during the Pleistocene, having been particularly widespread in France and Germany. The hyena is a carnivorous mammal of the Hyaenidae family. Hyenas are known to have preyed on humans in prehistory: Human hair has been found in fossilised hyena dung dating back 195,000 to 257,000 years. Large anal glands above the anus open into this pouch. Great Barrier Reef: Sea/Bay/Gulf: native: 90102: Pacific Ocean: Sea/Bay/Gulf: native: 6771 Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyaena&oldid=980767675, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 09:53. Unlike most modern hyena species, which are specialised bone-crushers, these dog-like hyenas were nimble-bodied, wolfish animals; one species among them was Ictitherium viverrinum, which was similar to a jackal. brown hyena, Hyaena brunnea, strand wolf - of southern Africa. The Protelinae (aardwolves) are not treated as a separate subfamily, but included in the Hyaeninae. Fast spotted hyena facts. [10] With the decline of grasslands 12,500 years ago, Europe experienced a massive loss of lowland habitats favoured by spotted hyenas, and a corresponding increase in mixed woodlands. [29], Their dentition is similar to that of the canid, but is more specialised for consuming coarse food and crushing bones. [7] Their ears are large and have simple basal ridges and no marginal bursa. [57] In the Near and Middle East, striped hyenas are generally regarded as physical incarnations of jinns. Living hyena species. With only four still existing species (in three genera), it is known to be the fifth smallest biological family of the order Carnivora and the smallest in the class Mammalia. Physical Characteristics Mass: 35 to 45 kg Except for the aardwolf, the striped hyena is the smallest member of the (Full text) Range - The striped hyena is found in Northern Africa, Middle East, to India. Spotted hyena range The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) is a species of hyena (or "hyaena" in British English). Their appearance, habits and sounds are already weird, but when it comes to sex, there is no more confusing creature than the spotted hyena. An aardwolf can eat 300,000 Trinervitermes on a single outing. The attacks provoked local authorities into announcing a reward of 100 rubles for every hyena killed. Bud and Lou, from the DC Comics, are also hyenas and are pets of Harley Quinn. [66] Man-eating spotted hyenas tend to be very large specimens: A pair of man-eating hyenas, responsible for killing 27 people in Mulanje, Malawi in 1962, weighed in at 72 kg (159 lb) and 77 kg (170 lb) after being shot. The European form was similar in appearance to modern populations, but was larger, being comparable in size to the brown hyena. [13] The percrocutids are, in contrast to McKenna and Bell's classification, not included as a subfamily into the Hyaenidae, but as the separate family Percrocutidae (though they are generally grouped as sister-taxa to hyenas[14]). The modern Hebrew word for hyena is tzavoa`, which is similar to the word "tsavua`" meaning "colored". Submit your funny nicknames and cool gamertags and copy the best from the list. [70] Several attacks have occurred in India; in 1962, 9 children were thought to have been taken by hyenas in the town of Bhagalpur in the Bihar State in a six-week period,[59] and 19 children up to the age of four were killed by hyenas in Karnataka in 1974. The other teeth, save for the underdeveloped upper molars, are powerful, with broad bases and cutting edges. a hyena’s laugh indicates social status. Binomial name; Crocuta crocuta. Genus: Crocuta. [54], The striped hyena is mentioned in the Bible. Arab folklore tells of how hyenas can mesmerise victims with their eyes or sometimes with their pheromones. So what is a female hyena called? Now you know that a female hyena is called a bitch. Jacana Education. Hyenas are digitigrade, with the fore and hind paws having four digits each and sporting bulging pawpads. One species, Chasmaporthetes ossifragus, managed to cross the land bridge into North America, being the only hyena to do so. Spotted hyenas, under these circumstances, would have been outcompeted by wolves and humans, who were as much at home in forests as in open lands—and in highlands as in lowlands. Hyena includes Active Directory tools for Windows 10. [7] The brown hyena's skull is larger than that of the striped hyena. Dog-like in appearance, the spotted hyena is easily identified by its spotted coat, short mane and unique gait. Nicknames, cool fonts, symbols and tags for Hyena – Koda, Bandit, Shenzi, Hunter, Storm, Roxy. Spotted hyena range The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) is a species of hyena (or "hyaena" in British English). [55], Striped hyenas are often referred to in Middle Eastern literature and folklore, typically as symbols of treachery and stupidity. Hyaena is a genus comprising two of the living species of hyenas: the striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) from Western Asia, India, Central Asia, East Africa and Northern Africa and the brown hyena (Hyaena brunnea) from Southern Africa. 0 0. We learned that hyenas are similar to canines. The flat muzzle is coloured black. Source: seaworld.org. COMMON NAME: spotted hyena, laughing hyena. On the neck the spots are replaced with 5 faint black lines. Both species are smaller than the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), but larger than the aardwolf (Proteles cristata). If the same epithet is used to denote both the genus and species, it is called tautonym. They are the family Hyaenidae, in the order Carnivora. For other uses, see, Genera of the Hyaenidae (extinct and recent), Begg, Colleen, Begg, Keith & Muemedi, Oscar (2007), female spotted hyena's external genitalia, raise their legs as canids do when urinating, "A study on use of animals as traditional medicine by Sukuma Tribe of Busega District in North-western Tanzania", "Comparative ecology and taphonomy of spotted hyenas, humans, and wolves in Pleistocene Italy", "Characterizing ecomorphological patterns in hyenids: a multivariate approach using postcanine dentition", "A new species of Tungurictis Colbert, 1939 (Carnivora, Hyaenidae) from the middle Miocene of Junggar Basin, northwestern China and the early divergence of basal hyaenids in East Asia", "Mosaic functionality in a transitional ecomorphology: skull biomechanics in stem Hyaeninae compared to modern South African carnivorans", "The Hyaenidae: taxonomy, systematics and evolution", Sketches of Indian Field Sports: With Observations on the Animals; Also an Account of Some of the Customs of the Inhabitants; with a Description of the Art of Catching Serpents, as Practiced by the Conjoors and Their Method of Curing Themselves when Bitten: with Remarks on Hydrophobia and Rabid Animals, "Bite club: comparative bite force in big biting mammals and the prediction of predatory behaviour in fossil taxa", Hyaena Specialist Group - Spotted Hyena: Diet and Foraging, "Regular exposure to rabies virus and lack of symptomatic disease in Serengeti spotted hyenas", "Socioecological predictors of immune defenses in a wild spotted hyenas", "Markedly Elevated Antibody Responses in Wild versus Captive Spotted Hyenas Show that Environmental and Ecological Factors Are Important Modulators of Immunity", "Development of a hyena immunology toolbox", "Characterization of toll-like receptors 1-10 in spotted hyenas", The Magicality of the Hyena: Beliefs and Practices in West and South Asia, "The spotted hyena from Aristotle to the Lion King: reputation is everything - In the Company of Animals", "Oldest Human Hair Found in Fossilized Dung", Preliminary data on human - carnivore conflict in Niassa National Reserve, Mozambique, particularly fatalities due to lion, spotted hyaena and crocodile, "The Fear of Wolves: A Review of Wolf Attacks on Humans", "Islamists authorise hyena meat in Southern Somalia", "Mammals of the Soviet Union: Carnivora (hyaenas and cats), Volume 2", "Fauna of British India: Mammals Volume 2", IUCN Conservation Union Hyaena Specialist Group, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyena&oldid=1004148794, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The four living species of hyena, clockwise from upper left: spotted hyena (, Civet/mongoose-like insectivore-omnivores, This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 08:12. Sie können nicht auf Bäume klettern, kommen aber mit felsigem Terrain gut zurecht. [10] Ancestral spotted hyenas probably developed social behaviours in response to increased pressure from rivals on carcasses, thus forcing them to operate in teams. It is restricted to notable hyena characters from the world of fiction. The odour of this secretion is very strong, smelling of boiling cheap soap or burning, and can be detected by humans several metres downwind. Hyena will not run a query when a single object, such as a user or group is double-clicked on. čeština: Hyena žíhaná dansk: Stribet Hyæne Deutsch: Streifenhyäne English: Striped hyena Esperanto: Hieno español: Hiena rayada eesti: Vööthüään فارسی: کفتار راه‌راه suomi: Juovahyeena français: Hyène rayée ગુજરાતી: ઝરખ עברית: צבוע מפוספס magyar: Csíkos hiéna [7], The descendants of Plioviverrops reached their peak 15 million years ago, with more than 30 species having been identified. They are found almost everywhere in Sub-Saharan Africa. One of the most amazing hyena facts is that they are almost impossible to sex. Nicknames, cool fonts, symbols and tags for Hyena – Koda, Bandit, Shenzi, Hunter, Storm, Roxy. Attacks occurred most commonly in September, when people slept outdoors and bush fires made the hunting of wild game difficult for the hyenas. The canines are short, but thick and robust. A further attack on a child was reported around Serakhs in 1948. These "werehyenas" are executed when discovered, but do not revert to their human form when killed. [43] In contrast, striped hyena cubs are born with adult markings, closed eyes and small ears. They are often called the laughing hyena. [39] Hyenas are primarily nocturnal animals, but sometimes venture from their lairs in the early-morning hours. Binomial name; Crocuta crocuta. The Arab word for the hyena, ḍab` or ḍabu` (plural ḍibā`), is alluded to in a valley in Israel known as Shaqq-ud-Diba` (meaning "cleft of the hyenas") and Wadi-Abu-Diba` (meaning "valley of the hyenas"). However, attacks on humans by spotted hyenas are likely to be underreported. Hyaena hyaena, striped hyena - of northern Africa and Arabia and India. However, unlike other feliforms, they do not "wash" their faces. [5] Other cultures associate them with witchcraft, using their body parts in traditional African medicine. [24] With the exception of the spotted hyena, hyaenids have striped coats, which they likely inherited from their viverrid ancestors. Hyenas live in territorial social groups called clans. Genus bei geografischen Namen. Several sebaceous glands are present between the openings of the anal glands and above them. 10 Days Uganda Safari tour; 3 Days Uganda Gorilla Trekking; 5 Days Gorilla and Chimpanzee trekking; 5 Days Gorillas and Wildlife Safari The Spotted Hyena (Crocuta crocuta), also known as the Laughing Hyena, is a species of hyena, currently classed as the sole member of the genus Crocuta, native to Sub-Saharan Africa.It is listed as being of least concern by the IUCN on account of its widespread range and large numbers estimated between 27,000 and 47,000 individuals.