A. gelangte im Jahre 1081 an die Macht und war der Begründer einer der berühmtesten Dynastien des byzantinischen Reiches. Send-to-Kindle or Email . April 1081 wurde der neue Machthaber von Patriarch Kosmas I. zum Kaiser gekrönt. The military, financial and territorial recovery of the Byzantine Empire known as Komnenian restoration began in his reign. He enhanced his resistance by bribing the German king Henry IV with 360,000 gold pieces to attack the Normans in Italy,[23] which forced the Normans to concentrate on their defenses at home in 1083–84. [9] First married to Michael VII Doukas and secondly to Nikephoros III Botaneiates, she was preoccupied with the future of her son by Michael VII, Constantine Doukas. Einfluß, mußte aber bald Konstantinopel verlassen. Alexios I Komnenos or Alexius I Comnenus (Αλέξιος Α' Κομνηνός, Alexios I Komnēnos; ALEXIVS I COMNENVS; 1048 – August 15, 1118), Byzantine emperor (1081–1118), was the son of John Komnenos and Anna Dalassena.He was the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). Seinem Schwager Nikephoros Melissenos, der ebenfalls nach dem Kaiserthron gestrebt hatte, gestand Alexios die Kaisar-Würde zu. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Alexios was able to secure much of the coastal regions by sending peasant soldiers to raid the Seljuq camps, but these victories were unable to stop the Turks altogether. Alexios I Komnenos has been characterized as a gifted military leader. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. [citation needed]. [49] He had also profoundly altered the nature of the Byzantine government. Language: english. Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassena, and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). Alexios III Angelos (c. 1153 – 1211) was Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. His appeals to Western Europe for help against the Turks were also the catalyst that likely contributed to the convoking of the Crusades. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. Gegen die Seldschuken suchte er bei Papst Urban II. This led to a further revolt near Philippopolis, and the commander of the field army in the west, Gregory Pakourianos, was defeated and killed in the ensuing battle. They were allowed to have family members bring in their own food and were on good terms with the guards from whom they learned the latest news. Alexios I. Komnenos, byzantinischer Kaiser 1081-1118, * 1057?, † 15./16.08.1118, Sohn des Johannes Komnenos und der Anna Dalassena. August 1118) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1081 bis 1118. The siege of Nicaea by the crusaders forced the city to surrender to the emperor in 1097, and the subsequent crusader victory at Dorylaion allowed the Byzantine forces to recover much of western Asia Minor. At the outset he faced the formidable attack of the Normans, led by Robert Guiscard and his son Bohemund, who took Dyrrhachium and Corfu and laid siege to Larissa in Thessaly[5] (see Battle of Dyrrhachium). [11], The empress was already closely connected to the Komnenoi through Maria's cousin Irene's marriage to Isaac Komnenos,[10] so the Komnenoi brothers were able to see her under the pretense of a friendly family visit. [27] During his retreat, the emperor was surrounded and worn down by the Pechenegs, who forced him to sign a truce and to pay protection money. [37] Due to the troubled times the empire was enduring, he had by far the greatest number of rebellions against him of all the Byzantine emperors. Alexios hatte mit seinem Hilfegesuch nach Westen sozusagen die „Büchse der Pandora“ geöffnet, wenn auch ungewollt. The crusade was a notable success for Byzantium, as Alexios recovered a number of important cities and islands. Ok, so our boy Alexios had a daughter named Theodora, who … Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassene, and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). [47] Alexios was never happier than when taking part in military exercises and he assumed personal command of his troops whenever possible. Alexios, besorgt durch die große Menge der Kreuzfahrer und zugleich bestrebt, die Interessen des Reiches zu wahren, forderte von den vor Konstantinopel erscheinenden Fürsten den Lehnseid für die von den Moslems zu erobernden Länder, wusste dieses auch mit großer Geschicklichkeit durchzusetzen, wenn auch keineswegs vollständig. Alexios Imperium Byzantinum, Imperator I. Explore genealogy for Alexios I Komnenos born 1048 Constantinople, Constantinople, Turkey died 1118 Constantinople, Turkey including ancestors + descendants + 1 photos + 1 genealogist comments + more in the free family tree community. Februar 1222) war von 1204 bis 1222 erster Kaiser von Trapezunt. Alexios I Comnen: Alexios I Comnen: Date personale; Născut: 1048 Constantinopol, Imperiul Roman de Răsărit: Decedat: 15 august 1118 (70 de ani) Constantinopol, Imperiul Roman de Răsărit: Cauza decesului: cauze naturale : Părinți: John Komnenos[*] Alexios I. Megas Komnenos (Großkomnene; * 1182; 1. Andronicus was himself a son of Theodora Comnene, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos … [25] Paulician soldiers in imperial service likewise deserted during Alexios' battles with the Normans. It was introduced along with the electrum aspron trachy worth a third of a hyperpyron and about 25% gold and 75% silver, the billon aspron trachy or stamenon,[55] valued at 48 to the hyperpyron and with 7% silver wash and the copper tetarteron and noummion worth 18 and 36 to the billon aspron trachy.[56]. In any case too young to rule in his own right, his mother Maria of Antioch acted as his regent, although she favoured her nephew and so Alexios was a mere figurehead. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was accordingly succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Alexios was the son of Ioannis Komnenos and Anna Dalassena, and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). During this time, Alexios was rumored to be the lover of Empress Maria of Alania, the daughter of King Bagrat IV of Georgia, who had been successively married to Michael VII Doukas and his successor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, and who was renowned for her beauty. Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassene,[3] and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). The eldest son of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina and the second emperor to rule during the Komnenian restoration of … Abstract: The goal of my thesis is to survey the political environment and the power struggles during the reign of Alexios I Komnenos (1081-1118). Alexios Komnenos, latinised as Alexius Comnenus (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός), was the eldest son of the Byzantine emperor John II Komnenos and his wife Eirene of Hungary. This request was granted and Anna then manifested her true theatrical and manipulative capabilities: She was allowed to enter. Series: Belfast Byzantine Texts & Translations 4.1. Alexios Komnenos (1048 - 1118) She also demanded that the cross be personally sent by Botaneiates as a vow of his good faith. [13] By secretly giving inside information to the Komnenoi, Maria was an invaluable ally.[14]. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. In 1087 the Pechenegs raided into Thrace, and Alexios crossed into Moesia to retaliate but failed to take Dorostolon (Silistra). Alexios I Komnenos of Comnenus (Grieks : Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, omstreeks 1048 tot 15 Augustus 1118) was van 1081 tot 1118 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk. In good relations with the death of Guiscard in 1085, woraufhin sein Heer.... Ii Komnenos Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118 Seldschuken suchte er bei Papst Urban II was. Komnenos translation, English dictionary definition of Alexios I Komnenos, he was not the first Komnenos to rule but! 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